When you were in grade school, you probably heard about the theory of multiple intelligences. The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates human intelligence into specific modalities. The relationship of multiple intelligence and effective study. Accepting gardners theory of multiple intelligences has several implications for teachers in terms of classroom instruction. The idea is to link instructional objectives to words, numbers or logic, pictures, music, the body, social interaction, or personal experience. The multiple intelligences also make great assessments.
Multiple intelligences theory, action research, and. Multiple intelligencesthe theory that people are smart in more ways than onehas profound implication for educators. We show how guided inquiry in a science classroom theoretically covers howard. Multiple intelligences theory, action research, and teacher professional development. An investigation between multiple intelligences and learning. Multiple intelligences in online, hybrid, and traditional. Gardners theory of multiple intelligences, however, is perhaps the best known of these pluralistic theories. Playing with the multiple intelligences how play helps. Howard gardner, multiple intelligences and education.
But along with the growing popularity, his theory of mult. Adapting instruction to multiple intelligences scholastic. Some of this description is partially adapted and reprinted from the eric. Multiple intelligences the theory of multiple intelligences supporting the new paradigm of intelligence, howard gardner of project zero at harvard university has determined that intelligence is a pluralistic phenomenon, rather than a static structure with a single type. Gardner prefers to describe cognitive ability as a set of eight intelligences. Individuals draw on these intelligences, individually and corporately, to create. The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates human intelligence into specific modalities, rather than seeing intelligence as dominated by a single general ability. Tapping into multiple intelligences explanation what is the theory of multiple intelligences m. Teachers, therefore, should think of all intelligences as equally important. The theory of multiple intelligences mi refers to a learnerbased philosophy that. Spencer kagan multiple intelligences structures opening doors to learning.
It suggests that teachers be trained to present their lessons in a wide variety of ways using music, cooperative learning, art activities, role play, multimedia, field trips, inner reflection, and much more see multiple intelligences in the classroom, 4th ed. One that has been puzzling me for a while are the multiple intelligences by gardner. The following are descriptions of gardners nine multiple intelligences, along with tips on how you can help your child stretch his or her areas of strength. Almost eighty years after the first intelligence tests were developed, howard gardner challenged the view that something called intelligence could be objectively measured and reduced to a single number or iq score. An investigation between multiple intelligences and. Multiple intelligences videos, articles, resources, experts. Learning styles, according to howard gardner, are the ways in which an individual approaches a range of tasks. Multiple intelligences in online, hybrid, and traditional business statistics courses salvador lopez university of west georgia hilde patron. Gardner includes discussions of global applications, multiple intelligences in the workplace, an assessment of multiple intelligences practice in. These multiple intelligences can be nurtured and strengthened or ignored and weakened. Multiple intellligence theory in all of its educator guides, sparked offers a diversity of content and activities addressing a variety of student intelligences. It is also worth noting that the movement toward multiple intelligences is quite consistent with trends in related sciences.
Frequently asked questionsmultiple intelligences and related educational topics howard gardner introduction. Gardner believed that the individual intellect reflects a unique configuration of several relatively autonomous intelligences which he introduced in his book frames. Gardners work at the boston university school of medicine lead to the identification of eight criteria for the existence of intelligence types. Renzulli says, the most important thing the multiple intelligences theory has done is called attention to the ways children express themselves. Multiple intelligences in the classroom, 3rd edition 2009 the multiple intelligences of reading and writing. The relevance of multiple intelligences to call instruction inseok kim dongduk womens university abstract many teachers and researchers believe learning preferences or learning styles can be used advantageously to enhance language study and motivate learners. Here we explore the theory of multiple intelligences. Theory and application hope phillips columbus state university abstract howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences has challenged the historical view of intelligence as a fixed quantity since he first published frames of mind in 1983.
Tapping into multiple intelligences explanation section. Using the multiple intelligences theory to compare student. The theory of multiple intelligences proposes a major transformation in the way our schools are run. An updated version of its predecessor, readers read with the expectation of explanations on the multiple intelligences also referred to as mi theory as well as maybe a few examples of its real world applications. Gardners multiple intelligences mi the theory of multiple intelligences mi was first described by howard gardner in frames of mind 1983. Howard gardners home page at harvard graduate school of education. A theory for everyone being intelligent does not always mean that someone tests well a problem with which teachers and school administrators have struggled since the earliest days of organized education. Howard gardner introduced his theory of multiple intelligences to the world in frames of mind, which was published back in 1983. Implications of multiple intelligences theory in elt field. This paper presents findings from an action research project that investigated the application of multiple intelligences mi theory in classrooms and schools. The theory states that all nine intelligences are needed to productively function in society.
Introduction to the tenth anniversary edition background the idea of multiple intelligences intelligence. Carmen fonseca abstract gardners multiple intelligences theory is presented as a cognitive perspective on intelligence which has profound implications for education in general. This article describes a study conducted in a mexican english teacher education program about. We will look here at mi theory, the visions it holds for educators, and at multiple intelligences structures, a powerful and practical approach for implementing multiple intelligences that truly opens the doors to learning.
Multiple intelligence survey for kids by laura candler. According to gardners theory of multiple intelligences, each human being is. Blending learning styles and mi theories via integrated intelligence menus may help minimize. Howard gardner, professor of education at harvard university. Integrating learning styles and multiple intelligences 2000. Adult multiple intelligences theory july 2006 ncsall training materials are funded by the educational research and development centers program, award number r309b960002, as administered by the institute of education sciences formerly office of educational research and. I conducted research and wrote this work from november 2015 to july 2016. The theory of multiple intelligences by howard gardner 1983. A mexican study of multiple intelligences for preservice.
Pdf howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences. One common misconception about multiple intelligences is that it means the same thing as learning styles. The theory behind the practice by julie viens focus on basics, volume 3, issue a, march 1999, pp. This child focuses in school, enjoys reading, has an extensive vocabulary, prefers english or social studies over math and science, learns a. Gardner claims that all human beings have multiple intelligences. What are multiple intelligences and how do they affect. These designations refer to howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences, described in the document below. Multiple intelligences the theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by dr. In 1983, howard gardner, a wellknown psychologist and the creator of the multiple intelligences mi theory, suggested that all individuals have personal intelligence profiles that consist of combinations of. This research, using the multiple intelligences theory to compare student learning styles with classroom curriculum opportunities, has been written to fulfill the graduation requirements for an m. For the casual reader, howard gardners bookmultiple intelligences. To involve students in identifying their multiple intelligences, invite them to.
This paper examines the theory of multiple intelligences mi as the most viable and effective platform for 21st century educational and instructional methodologies based on the understanding of the value of diversity in todays classrooms and educational institutions, the unique qualities and characteristics of individual learners, the opportunities that arise from applying the ideas of. Multiple intelligence theory and foreign language learning. What are some criticisms of the theory of multiple. Multiple intelligences mi of associate in hotel and. Multiple intelligences distills nearly three decades of research on multiple intelligences theory and practice, covering its central arguments and numerous developments since its introduction in 1983. Multiple intelligences revisited by michael berman 1. Learning activities that connect with multiple intelligences. Howard garner, psychologist and harvard professor, believes there are multiple ways children learn. The theory of multiple intelligences howard gardner. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on i.
Adult multiple intelligences theory reading to be read by participants before the session. Multiple intelligences theory mit was developed in 1983 by dr. Provides an overview of howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences including how to teach anything eight. What do multiple intelligences have to do with my classroom.
I want them to understand it so that they will be positioned to make it a better place. Almost every day, i receive questions about multiple intelligences theory. Howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences an intelligence is the ability to solve problems, or to create products, that are valued within one or more cultural settings. Michaels multiple intelligences revisited article 1. Jun 11, 2015 when you were in grade school, you probably heard about the theory of multiple intelligences. Howard gardner in the early 1980s, the theory states that different individuals learn best in different ways. Mi theory identifies some eight or nine types of intelligence. Among the ways to incorporate the multiple intelligences into the classroom are asking questions and thinking beyond the norm. Multiple intelligences theory which deviate from the traditional general intelligence quotient iq test. His research from 1991 identified seven intelligences. Multiple intelligences theory, action research, and teacher.
Integrating learning styles and multiple intelligences. Applies howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences linguistic, logicalmathematical, spatial, musical, bodily kinesthetic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal to designing timetelling exercises for young learners. Making the words come alive 2003 becoming a multiple intelligences school 2000 multiple intelligences in the classroom, 2nd edition 2000 so each may learn. Howard gardner frames of mind 1983 verballinguistic intelligence word smart or book smart. This study aims to reveal secondary school students multiple intelligences and learning styles. He has since extended the definitions to encompass two more intelligences. Both mi and learningstyle theories reject dominant ideologies of intelligence. Pdf gardner 1983 produced a multiple intelligence theory to question the previous generalised measurements for intelligence.
This project addresses the current hot topic in the field of education, of multiple intelligences. Manual for the eysenck personality questionnaire epqr adult. I have been gratified by the interest shown in this idea and the ways its been used in schools, museums, and. The theory of multiple intelligences, developed by psychologist howard gardner in. This article first appeared in mindshift connection of zephyr press. Whereas learning styles are concerned with differences in the learning process, mi centers on learning content and products. Using the theory of multiple intelligences to understand guided. Howard gardner first posited a list of multiple intelligences as a liberating alter. We will look here at mi theory, the visions it holds for educators, and at multiple intelligences. Some of the questions concern the theory itself, though many more deal with recommended practices or with questionable applications. When you first begin instruction using strategies compatible with the multiple intelligences, your students will need to participate in a wide variety of experiences to learn about their preferences. Playing with the multiple intelligences how play helps them grow scott g. Its been 30 years since i developed the notion of multiple intelligences. Instead, multiple intelligences represents different intellectual abilities.
Exploring learning style and multiple intelligence type of learners can enable the students to. The eight identified intelligences include linguistic intelligence. The research results of a multiple intelligences classroom by bruce campbell. The theory of multiple intelligences, developed by psychologist howard gardner in the late 1970s and early 1980s, posits that individuals possess eight or more relatively autonomous intelligences. Play has appeared only in passing in gardners thinking. For more resources for teaching your students about multiple intelligence theory. The relevance of multiple intelligences to call instruction. The relationship of multiple intelligence and effective. The theory linguistic intelligence musical intelligence logicalmathematical intelligence spatial intelligence bodilykinesthetic intelligence the personal intelligences a critique of the. Application of multiple intelligences research in alternative. The relation between multiple intelligences theory core.
The article presents an analysis of a language arts curriculum which involves the integration of multiple intelligences into the classroom. Jan 01, 1993 for the casual reader, howard gardners bookmultiple intelligences. The irish mi project joan hanafin independent scholar j. After my first post on myths in education, i was wondering if there are other popular theories in education that are less sure at least. Howard gardner proposed this model in his 1983 book frames of mind. Implementing multiple intelligences and learning styles in. Howard gardner is professor of education at harvard university and holds research appointments at the boston veterans administration medical center and boston university school of medicine. For example, one student by be a verbal learner who prefers to listen and write, while another student may. I want my children to understand the world, but not just because the world is fascinating and the human mind is curious.
In 1983 a researcher and professor at harvard university named howard gardner proposed a new view of intelligence that has been widely embraced since its publication, now being incorporated in school curricula across the country. Earlier views biological foundations of intelligence what is an intelligence. Eberle howard gardner first posited a list of multiple intelligences as a liberating alternative to the assumptions underlying traditional iq testing in his widely read study frames of mind 1983. How does this theory differ from the traditional definition of intelligence. View multiple intelligences research papers on academia. Multiple intelligences in online, hybrid, and traditional business statistics courses salvador lopez university of west georgia hilde patron university of west georgia abstract according to howard garner, professor of cognition and education at harvard university.
This inventory is meant as a snapshot in time it can change. The theory of multiple intelligences, developed by gardner 1983 on the basis of research in several disciplines including psychology, brain science, genetics and anthropology, asserts that human beings possess a set of relatively independent intellectual capacities that they draw on individually and corporately. Mar 05, 2009 that helped bring attention to the renzulli learning system, which utilizes the intelligences. Multipleintelligences theory mi explores how cultures and disciplines shape human potential.768 464 513 1473 568 1440 1488 113 1078 319 38 1205 392 256 1483 686 866 71 613 183 1064 928 704 319 1137 1157 76 481 117 964 584 1250 1038 643 1215 643 569 1270 571 1277 505 205 1134