What are multiple intelligences and how do they affect. Multiple intelligence survey for kids by laura candler. The theory linguistic intelligence musical intelligence logicalmathematical intelligence spatial intelligence bodilykinesthetic intelligence the personal intelligences a critique of the. I want them to understand it so that they will be positioned to make it a better place. Applies howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences linguistic, logicalmathematical, spatial, musical, bodily kinesthetic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal to designing timetelling exercises for young learners. Multipleintelligences theory mi explores how cultures and disciplines shape human potential.
Renzulli says, the most important thing the multiple intelligences theory has done is called attention to the ways children express themselves. Implications of multiple intelligences theory in elt field. It is also worth noting that the movement toward multiple intelligences is quite consistent with trends in related sciences. Adult multiple intelligences theory reading to be read by participants before the session. Manual for the eysenck personality questionnaire epqr adult. Gardner believed that the individual intellect reflects a unique configuration of several relatively autonomous intelligences which he introduced in his book frames. Gardners multiple intelligences mi the theory of multiple intelligences mi was first described by howard gardner in frames of mind 1983. Both mi and learningstyle theories reject dominant ideologies of intelligence. Jan 01, 1993 for the casual reader, howard gardners bookmultiple intelligences. I have been gratified by the interest shown in this idea and the ways its been used in schools, museums, and. Adult multiple intelligences theory july 2006 ncsall training materials are funded by the educational research and development centers program, award number r309b960002, as administered by the institute of education sciences formerly office of educational research and. Oct 16, 20 its been 30 years since i developed the notion of multiple intelligences. The theory of multiple intelligences, developed by gardner 1983 on the basis of research in several disciplines including psychology, brain science, genetics and anthropology, asserts that human beings possess a set of relatively independent intellectual capacities that they draw on individually and corporately. The relationship of multiple intelligence and effective.
The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates human intelligence into specific modalities, rather than seeing intelligence as dominated by a single general ability. Learning activities that connect with multiple intelligences. The relation between multiple intelligences theory core. The theory of multiple intelligences, developed by psychologist howard gardner in. Multiple intelligences theory mit was developed in 1983 by dr. Multiple intelligences in online, hybrid, and traditional business statistics courses salvador lopez university of west georgia hilde patron university of west georgia abstract according to howard garner, professor of cognition and education at harvard university. Gardner prefers to describe cognitive ability as a set of eight intelligences.
An updated version of its predecessor, readers read with the expectation of explanations on the multiple intelligences also referred to as mi theory as well as maybe a few examples of its real world applications. The theory states that all nine intelligences are needed to productively function in society. Howard garner, psychologist and harvard professor, believes there are multiple ways children learn. Whereas learning styles are concerned with differences in the learning process, mi centers on learning content and products. The eight identified intelligences include linguistic intelligence. One that has been puzzling me for a while are the multiple intelligences by gardner.
Gardners theory of multiple intelligences, however, is perhaps the best known of these pluralistic theories. Michaels multiple intelligences revisited article 1. Implementing multiple intelligences and learning styles in. In 1983, howard gardner, a wellknown psychologist and the creator of the multiple intelligences mi theory, suggested that all individuals have personal intelligence profiles that consist of combinations of. Its been 30 years since i developed the notion of multiple intelligences. Using the multiple intelligences theory to compare student. An investigation between multiple intelligences and learning. The theory of multiple intelligences, developed by psychologist howard gardner in the late 1970s and early 1980s, posits that individuals possess eight or more relatively autonomous intelligences. Mar 05, 2009 that helped bring attention to the renzulli learning system, which utilizes the intelligences. Howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences an intelligence is the ability to solve problems, or to create products, that are valued within one or more cultural settings.
Almost eighty years after the first intelligence tests were developed, howard gardner challenged the view that something called intelligence could be objectively measured and reduced to a single number or iq score. These designations refer to howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences, described in the document below. Multiple intelligences the theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by dr. This paper examines the theory of multiple intelligences mi as the most viable and effective platform for 21st century educational and instructional methodologies based on the understanding of the value of diversity in todays classrooms and educational institutions, the unique qualities and characteristics of individual learners, the opportunities that arise from applying the ideas of. This inventory is meant as a snapshot in time it can change. Adapting instruction to multiple intelligences scholastic. The idea is to link instructional objectives to words, numbers or logic, pictures, music, the body, social interaction, or personal experience. The theory of multiple intelligences howard gardner. Application of multiple intelligences research in alternative. Provides an overview of howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences including how to teach anything eight. Howard gardners home page at harvard graduate school of education. Multiple intelligences background learners and individuals in general can be described and categorised in a variety of ways.
Learning styles, according to howard gardner, are the ways in which an individual approaches a range of tasks. What do multiple intelligences have to do with my classroom. The relevance of multiple intelligences to call instruction. For the casual reader, howard gardners bookmultiple intelligences. Almost every day, i receive questions about multiple intelligences theory. The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates human intelligence into specific modalities. An investigation between multiple intelligences and. Playing with the multiple intelligences how play helps. Eberle howard gardner first posited a list of multiple intelligences as a liberating alternative to the assumptions underlying traditional iq testing in his widely read study frames of mind 1983.
Multiple intelligences the theory of multiple intelligences supporting the new paradigm of intelligence, howard gardner of project zero at harvard university has determined that intelligence is a pluralistic phenomenon, rather than a static structure with a single type. Gardner includes discussions of global applications, multiple intelligences in the workplace, an assessment of multiple intelligences practice in. The article presents an analysis of a language arts curriculum which involves the integration of multiple intelligences into the classroom. Mi theory identifies some eight or nine types of intelligence. Since then there has been a lot of discussion of the theory. Multiple intelligencesthe theory that people are smart in more ways than onehas profound implication for educators. The multiple intelligences also make great assessments. Multiple intelligences theory, action research, and teacher. His research from 1991 identified seven intelligences. The theory behind the practice by julie viens focus on basics, volume 3, issue a, march 1999, pp. Multiple intelligences theory, action research, and teacher professional development. Earlier views biological foundations of intelligence what is an intelligence. This research, using the multiple intelligences theory to compare student learning styles with classroom curriculum opportunities, has been written to fulfill the graduation requirements for an m. Howard gardner first posited a list of multiple intelligences as a liberating alter.
Howard gardner, professor of education at harvard university. Multiple intellligence theory in all of its educator guides, sparked offers a diversity of content and activities addressing a variety of student intelligences. When you first begin instruction using strategies compatible with the multiple intelligences, your students will need to participate in a wide variety of experiences to learn about their preferences. Pdf howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences. For example, one student by be a verbal learner who prefers to listen and write, while another student may. In 1983 a researcher and professor at harvard university named howard gardner proposed a new view of intelligence that has been widely embraced since its publication, now being incorporated in school curricula across the country.
The relevance of multiple intelligences to call instruction inseok kim dongduk womens university abstract many teachers and researchers believe learning preferences or learning styles can be used advantageously to enhance language study and motivate learners. He has since extended the definitions to encompass two more intelligences. The theory of multiple intelligences by howard gardner 1983. Howard gardner proposed this model in his 1983 book frames of mind. Some of the questions concern the theory itself, though many more deal with recommended practices or with questionable applications. I want my children to understand the world, but not just because the world is fascinating and the human mind is curious. Integrating learning styles and multiple intelligences 2000. A mexican study of multiple intelligences for preservice. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on i.
This article first appeared in mindshift connection of zephyr press. Teachers, therefore, should think of all intelligences as equally important. Exploring learning style and multiple intelligence type of learners can enable the students to. Howard gardner frames of mind 1983 verballinguistic intelligence word smart or book smart. The irish mi project joan hanafin independent scholar j. According to gardners theory of multiple intelligences, each human being is. Gardner claims that all human beings have multiple intelligences. Multiple intelligences theory which deviate from the traditional general intelligence quotient iq test. This paper presents findings from an action research project that investigated the application of multiple intelligences mi theory in classrooms and schools. Gardners work at the boston university school of medicine lead to the identification of eight criteria for the existence of intelligence types. Accepting gardners theory of multiple intelligences has several implications for teachers in terms of classroom instruction. Multiple intelligence theory and foreign language learning.
Using the theory of multiple intelligences to understand guided. Jun 11, 2015 when you were in grade school, you probably heard about the theory of multiple intelligences. One common misconception about multiple intelligences is that it means the same thing as learning styles. Making the words come alive 2003 becoming a multiple intelligences school 2000 multiple intelligences in the classroom, 2nd edition 2000 so each may learn. This article describes a study conducted in a mexican english teacher education program about. Instead, multiple intelligences represents different intellectual abilities. Multiple intelligences theory, action research, and.
For more resources for teaching your students about multiple intelligence theory. This study aims to reveal secondary school students multiple intelligences and learning styles. Playing with the multiple intelligences how play helps them grow scott g. The theory of multiple intelligences mi refers to a learnerbased philosophy that. The relationship of multiple intelligence and effective study. We will look here at mi theory, the visions it holds for educators, and at multiple intelligences.
Tapping into multiple intelligences explanation what is the theory of multiple intelligences m. Multiple intelligences in the classroom, 3rd edition 2009 the multiple intelligences of reading and writing. To involve students in identifying their multiple intelligences, invite them to. These multiple intelligences can be nurtured and strengthened or ignored and weakened. We show how guided inquiry in a science classroom theoretically covers howard. After my first post on myths in education, i was wondering if there are other popular theories in education that are less sure at least. Multiple intelligences revisited by michael berman 1.
Tapping into multiple intelligences explanation section. Multiple intelligences distills nearly three decades of research on multiple intelligences theory and practice, covering its central arguments and numerous developments since its introduction in 1983. Howard gardner is professor of education at harvard university and holds research appointments at the boston veterans administration medical center and boston university school of medicine. The research results of a multiple intelligences classroom by bruce campbell. Some of this description is partially adapted and reprinted from the eric. This project addresses the current hot topic in the field of education, of multiple intelligences. When you were in grade school, you probably heard about the theory of multiple intelligences. It suggests that teachers be trained to present their lessons in a wide variety of ways using music, cooperative learning, art activities, role play, multimedia, field trips, inner reflection, and much more see multiple intelligences in the classroom, 4th ed. How does this theory differ from the traditional definition of intelligence. Pdf gardner 1983 produced a multiple intelligence theory to question the previous generalised measurements for intelligence. The theory of multiple intelligences proposes a major transformation in the way our schools are run. This child focuses in school, enjoys reading, has an extensive vocabulary, prefers english or social studies over math and science, learns a. Among the ways to incorporate the multiple intelligences into the classroom are asking questions and thinking beyond the norm.
Spencer kagan multiple intelligences structures opening doors to learning. Play has appeared only in passing in gardners thinking. Howard gardner introduced his theory of multiple intelligences to the world in frames of mind, which was published back in 1983. Carmen fonseca abstract gardners multiple intelligences theory is presented as a cognitive perspective on intelligence which has profound implications for education in general. The following are descriptions of gardners nine multiple intelligences, along with tips on how you can help your child stretch his or her areas of strength.
Multiple intelligences mi of associate in hotel and. Multiple intelligences in online, hybrid, and traditional. Multiple intelligences in online, hybrid, and traditional business statistics courses salvador lopez university of west georgia hilde patron. Theory and application hope phillips columbus state university abstract howard gardners theory of multiple intelligences has challenged the historical view of intelligence as a fixed quantity since he first published frames of mind in 1983. Blending learning styles and mi theories via integrated intelligence menus may help minimize. I conducted research and wrote this work from november 2015 to july 2016. We will look here at mi theory, the visions it holds for educators, and at multiple intelligences structures, a powerful and practical approach for implementing multiple intelligences that truly opens the doors to learning. Howard gardner in the early 1980s, the theory states that different individuals learn best in different ways.627 87 812 965 571 1479 426 1117 894 1015 85 231 682 523 602 637 915 613 1073 537 767 152 1411 1326 1411 1252 979 297 1452 1445 823 519 891 1174 653 347 568 1344 786 1208 166